AQL Calculator

Are you performing random quality inspections? Use the free AQL calculator from Testcoo to quickly find:

AQL Calculator

Based on the AQL Tables
Lot or Batch Size
Inspection Level
AQL Level
AQL Level
Sample Size
0
Number of samples to pick
Major Defects
0
Maximum number of major defectives samples
Minor Defects
0
Maximum number of minor defectives samples

Based on the AQL Tables:
Number of samples to pick
The inspector(s) will need to pick 0 samples out of the whole batch.

Maximum number of defectives samples
The inspection is passed if all 3 conditions are met:
No critical defect is found.
Major defects are found on no more than 0 sample(s).

Minor defects are found on no more than 0 sample(s).

In performing products sampling inspection, Testcoo exclusively apply the ISO 2859 sampling standard which specifies a sampling scheme: Acceptable Quality Level (AQL), to find whether the lot order has met the client's specifications.

What Is Acceptable Quality Level (AQL)?

The acceptable quality level (AQL) is a measure applied to products inspection. It indicates the maximum acceptable defects for a certain sample size of products inspected, beyond which a batch is rejected. It is usually expressed as a percentage or ratio of the number of defects compared to the total quantity. Importers usually set different AQLs for critical, major, and minor defects.

KEY TAKEAWAYS

The acceptable quality level (AQL) is the worst quality level that is tolerable for a product.
The AQL differs from product to product. Products that might cause more of a health risk will have a lower AQL.

How Do I Determine the Right Sample Size and Acceptance Number?

Buyers and sellers should agree on an AQL standard that is appropriate to the level of risk each party assumes. These standards are used as a reference during a pre-shipment inspection. And widely used settings for consumer goods in China:
0% for critical defects (totally unacceptable: a user might get harmed, or regulations are not respected).
2.5% for major defects (these products would usually not be considered acceptable by the end user).
4.0% for minor defects (there is some departure from specifications, but most users would not mind it).

-What is the AQL table

The “AQL tables” are statistical tools at the disposal of buy inspection levelers (for product inspections). They are an industry standard. Most suppliers involved in international trade are familiar with it.

-How to read the AQL table?

There are basically two tables. The first one tells you which ‘code letter’ to use. Then, the code letter will give you the sample size and the maximum number of defects that can be accepted.

First table: sample size code letters

How to read this table?

If you follow my example, I assume your ‘lot size’ is comprised between 3,201 pcs and 10,000 pcs, and that your inspection level is ‘II’. Consequently, the code letter is “L”.

Second table: single sampling plans for level II inspection (normal severity)

How to read this table?

Our code letter is “L”, so you will have to draw 200 pcs randomly from the total lot size. Besides, I assume you have set your AQL at 2.5% for major defects and 4.0% for minor defects. Therefore, here are the limits: the products are accepted if NO MORE than 10 products with major defects AND NO MORE than 14 products with minor defects are found. For example, if you find 15 products with major defects and 12 products with minor defects, the products are refused. If you find 3 with major defects and 7 with minor defects, they are accepted.

AQL抽样标准表

在进行抽样检验时,
TESTCOO测库验货员严格按照ISO 2859
标准及对应的标准表来确认抽样数量及合格标准。

点击下载AQL标准表

4 Parameters
You Should Know Before Using the AQL Tables

1. The ‘lot size’

Lot size is defined as the item in a lot in ISO 2859. If you ordered different products, consider each product as a separate lot. (The quantity of each product is the lot size). If you ordered only one product, the lot size is the total batch quantity.

2. The inspection level

The inspection level designates the relative amount of inspection. Three inspection levels, Ⅰ, II, and Ⅲ, are given in Table 1 for general use. Unless otherwise specified, level Ⅱshall be used. levelⅠmay be used when less discrimination is needed or level Ill when greater discrimination is required. Four additional special levels, S-1, S-2, S-3 and S-4 are also given in Table 1 and may be used where relatively small sample sizes are necessary and larger sampling risks can be tolerated.

3. The AQL limits

Quality level that is the worst tolerable process average when a continuing series of lots is submitted for acceptance sampling. The AQL limits appropriate for your market. If your customers accept very few defects, you might want to set a lower AQL for both major and minor defects.

4. AQL defects?

Usually in production quality control defects are classified in three types: Critical, Major and Minor.

Critical defect

A defect which experience and judgment indicates is likely to result in a hazardous and/or injurious situation to the user, or makes the product subject to legal seizure, or specified in contractual requirement.

The criteria for defining a critical defect are:

Pose a safety hazard to the expected user
Cause product recalls
Brand damaging defects

Example of critical defects:

Hazard sharp point, edge on package
Missing local language of the destination
Power switch loose assembly, damage, connector not cover with insulation tube
Needle detected

Major defect

Any defect other than critical is likely to result in failure, or to reduce materially the usability of the product for its intended purpose, or specified in contractual requirement.

The criteria for defining a Major defect are:

Affects the performance or function of a product
Affects product specifications
Causes the end customer to not buy or return the product

Example of major defects:

Skipped stitches
Product cannot assemble smoothly
incorrect type/rating of bulb
Cannot reach rated voltage

Minor defect

Any defect that is not likely to reduce the usability of the product for its intended purpose, or is departure from established standards having little bearing on the effective use of the products, or specified in contractual requirement

The criteria for defining a minor defect are:

It doesn't affect the function or use of the product
Barely noticeable at arm distance
Would be unlikely to cause a return or make the product unsellable

Example of minor defects:

dirty stain
untrimmed thread ends
Glue mark
Poor paint of product

A professional QC company can often recommend what they feel is an appropriate inspection method. But ultimately the decision about how many units to check must be made by you, the importer, based on your product, budget, appetite for risk and other factors. Most importers of consumer and industrial products will find that an inspection using AQL sampling is best for them most of the time.

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CONTACT

Need to talk to us about your company’s QC needs? Contact us.

Bridge Liu Quality Control Specialist bridge.liu@testcoo.com +86 18106668888